Vitamin D is in many foods, he said. Foods fortified with vitamin D are ready to eat cereal, milk and some yogurt. Vitamin D is found naturally in fish such as salmon.Children with suboptimal status of vitamin D are at increased risk of bone disease, infections and other diseases, said Cole. Parents should be educated on the importance of vitamin D and the source of vitamin D and sun sources of fortified foods. Low-income minority children who are at risk must be considered during the autumn and winter.
SOURCES: Samantha Heller, MS, RD, dietitian, nutritionist and exercise physiologist, Fairfield, Connecticut, Michael Holick, Ph.D., MD, professor of medicine, physiology and biophysics and director of the General Clinical Research Center at Boston University Medical Center, Conrad R . Cole, MD, MPH, assistant professor, pediatrics, Emory University School of Medicine, Atlanta, March 29, 2010, Pediatrics, online
Low levels of vitamin D among U.S. adolescents are strongly associated with hypertension and hyperglycaemia and metabolic syndrome, which can lead to type 2 diabetes, said Heller.
For the study, published online March 29 in pediatrics, a research team led by Dr. Cole, assistant professor of pediatrics at Emory University in Atlanta examined the levels of vitamin D in 290 children mainly by blacks and Hispanics in low-income families in Metro Atlanta. Children 2 years on average.
Age is also a factor in vitamin D, Cole’s group found with children are less likely deficient in vitamin D. In addition, children who are enrolled in the spring and summer were also less likely to be deficient in vitamin D, to reduce the problem by about 20 %.
Previous studies have found low levels of vitamin D in children in northern climates, and wrote the researchers wanted to see if the condition existed in the sunniest of the children in the southern United States.
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