“We’ve found is alarming,” said Sara Forhan, MD, a CDC researcher who conducted the study among 838 girls in the country.Alderman said that the majority of sexually active adolescents use condoms in their practice. If you ask, “sometimes, all the time or most of the time,” you generally get a “majority”, he said.
Both studies were presented at the National STD Prevention in Chicago.
Experts recommend regular screening primarily because the majority of women with chlamydia have no symptoms. This means that women can carry the infectious for years without knowing they have, putting them at risk of pelvic inflammatory disease and infertility.
However, Douglas said STD test is full of “missed opportunity”. Another study published by the CDC showed that only 40% of patients who consult a doctor for emergency contraception, such as the “morning after” pill, also receive counseling and testing for sexually transmitted diseases.
“This does not mean that African-Americans are taking greater risks individually,” says John Douglas Jr., MD, director of CDC’s division of STD prevention. Screening Falling Short
“These numbers translate into 3.2 million young women aged 14 to 19 years who are infected with an STD,” Forhan said.
The CDC also recommends vaccination against HPV for girls and women between 11 and 26. The vaccine is available in three doses and covers four strains of the virus.
The study also showed that nearly half of African-American adolescents suffer from an STD. The researchers say that the poorest access to testing for sexually transmitted diseases have contributed to the increased incidence of sexually transmitted diseases in this group.
The CDC recommends regular chlamydia screening at least annually for all sexually active women and women aged 25 and under. All pregnant women should be examined, because the infection can be transmitted to baby during childbirth. But only about one third of women are properly screened, “said Douglas.
March 11, 2008 – One in four U.S. teenage girls is infected with a sexually transmitted disease, according to data released Tuesday by the CDC.
Douglas says that abstinence is “the surest way to prevent getting an STD.” The agency also encourages monogamous sex and condom use, “he said.
“An order for emergency contraception is a missed opportunity because, by definition, which was unprotected sex,” Elizabeth Alderman, MD, director of adolescent medicine at Children’s Hospital at Montefiore in New York, WebMD.
The data, based on research conducted in 2003 and 2004 show that about one fifth of girls aged between 14 and 19 years is infected with human papillomavirus (HPV), which can cause cervical cancer and genital warts. About one in 25 girls carries chlamydia, a sexually transmitted bacterium.
Alderman said many clinics is not the easiest to use of urine-based test for chlamydia.